Your gynecologist in Malad, Mumbai, might advise getting a hysteroscopy if you have frequent heavy periods and excruciating cramping or if they need to study more about your reproductive health.
In such a situation, consulting a certified and competent gynecologist like Dr. Shweta Shah would be beneficial.
One of the best gynecologists in Malad, Mumbai, Dr. Shweta Shah, has more than ten years of experience. Because of her vast knowledge and expertise, she has gained the trust and respect of her patients.
To examine the patient's cervix and uterus and learn more about their reproductive health, Dr. Shweta Shah may advise a hysteroscopy. It can help identify the underlying cause of the condition. She provides safe and effective hysteroscopy treatment in Mumbai.
This article will introduce you to hysteroscopy, its types, how it works, its benefits, and its risks.
So, let’s first know,
What is Hysteroscopy?
It is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to view the internal area of the uterus and the cervix. This procedure can identify and address the causes of abnormal bleeding.
During the procedure, a hysteroscope, a tiny, illuminated tube-like device, is inserted into the vagina. It enables the doctor to examine the cervix and the interior of the uterus.
When is Hysteroscopy Performed?
Hysteroscopy is a procedure that can be used for both diagnosis and treatment (therapeutic). Your gynecologist doctor in Malad may suggest various procedures to diagnose and/or treat abnormalities of the uterus or cervix, including hysteroscopy.
Hysteroscopy cannot examine issues on the uterus' outer surface or within the muscular wall because it only looks at the lining and interior of the uterus.
Hysteroscopy may be suggested as one step in the assessment of several gynecological issues, such as:
- abnormal bleeding
- retained placenta or after-birth or miscarriage products of conception
- female genital tract congenital (inborn) anatomical anomalies
- adhesions or scarring from previous uterine instrumentation or surgery, such as dilation and curettage (D&C)
- polyps or fibroids inside the uterine cavity or the cervical canal
- Hysteroscopy can also be performed before dilation and curettage (D&C) or in conjunction with other procedures like laparoscopy.
- It can also be used to perform surgical sterilization and help localize areas of the abnormal uterine lining for sampling and biopsy.
Now, let’s discuss,
Types of Hysteroscopy
To identify uterine issues, diagnostic hysteroscopy is performed. Additionally, diagnostic hysteroscopy is used to validate the outcomes of other exams like hysterosalpingography (HSG). The uterus and fallopian tubes are examined using the HSG, an X-ray dye test.
An abnormal condition found during a diagnostic hysteroscopy is treated with operative hysteroscopy. Tiny instruments are inserted through the hysteroscope during the procedure to treat the condition. If an abnormality was found during the diagnostic hysteroscopy, it might be possible to perform an operative hysteroscopy concurrently, preventing the need for additional surgery.
Actual Procedure of Hysteroscopy
Your doctor might administer general or local anesthesia before the procedure to help you relax.
The steps of the hysteroscopic procedure are completed in the following order:
- The doctor will widen (dilate) your cervix to insert the hysteroscope.
- Then, they will insert the hysteroscope into the uterus through your vagina and cervix.
- To expand and remove any blood or mucus, carbon dioxide gas or a liquid solution is inserted into the uterus via the hysteroscope.
- Through the hysteroscope, the doctor can see your uterus and the openings of your fallopian tubes into the uterine cavity.
- Lastly, tiny instruments are inserted into the uterus through the hysteroscope if surgery is required.
- Hysteroscopic procedures can take 10 minutes to more than an hour to complete.
- Whether the procedure is diagnostic or operative, as well as whether another one, like a laparoscopy, is performed concurrently, all affect how long it takes. However, in general, diagnostic hysteroscopy takes less time than operative hysteroscopy.
What are the Advantages of Hysteroscopy?
The following benefits of hysteroscopy may be present over other, more invasive procedures:
- Less time in the hospital.
- Quick recovery.
- After surgery, less pain medication is required.
- Avoid having a hysterectomy or open abdominal surgery.
What are the Risks, Complications, and Side effects of Hysteroscopy?
- Following the hysteroscopy procedure, women should anticipate experiencing light vaginal bleeding and cramping. Depending on the anesthesia used, you might experience some cramping while the procedure is being done.
- Hysteroscopy complications are uncommon but may include uterine perforation, bleeding, infection, damage to the urinary or digestive tract, and health issues brought on by drug or anesthetic reactions.
- The most frequent complication, accidental uterine perforation, happens in 0.1 percent of diagnostic and 1 percent of operative hysteroscopies.
- Other uncommon complications include fluid overload and gas embolism, which occurs when gas bubbles from the distending medium used during the procedure enter the bloodstream.
What is the Prognosis for Hysteroscopy?
Hysteroscopy can be used to complete a variety of minor surgical procedures. The prognosis depends on the specific case and the hysteroscopy's indication. Most women recover with only minimal post-procedure cramping and bleeding; complications are uncommon.
Consult Dr. Shweta Shah if you have severe menstrual bleeding. She is among the best gynecologists in Mumbai who can advise you on the most suitable and effective course of action.