Endometriosis is a gynecological disorder that affects around 10% of women of reproductive age. Dr. Shweta Shah, one of the best gynecologist in Mumbai provides effective treatments to help manage this challenging condition.
Endometriosis occurs when the tissue similar to the endometrium (tissue lining the uterus) grows outside the uterus on your reproductive organs like the tissues lining your pelvis, ovaries, and fallopian tubes.
It appears and acts like endometrial tissue. Each month during the menstrual cycle, this tissue, like the endometrium, builds up and breaks down, resulting in minor bleeding inside the pelvis.
Due to this, the normal tissue around the endometriosis implants becomes inflamed, swollen and may develop adhesions and scar tissues as a result.
When the ovary is affected, blood can become trapped in the ovarian tissue, resulting in a "blood blister" encompassed by a fibrous cyst known as an endometrioma.
Symptoms of Endometriosis
Endometriosis can cause the following symptoms:
- Excessive menstrual cramps and pain in the belly or lower back.
- Pain during intercourse
- Excessive menstrual flow
- Pain while urinating or bowel movement during a menstrual cycle.
- Gastrointestinal issues such as bloating, constipation, diarrhea, or nausea during a menstrual cycle.
It is crucial to remember that the amount of pain a woman feels isn't always proportional to the severity of her condition. Some women with severe endometriosis have no symptoms. However, others with a milder type may have severe pain or other symptoms.
Although there is no cure for endometriosis, the symptoms can be managed by medical and surgical solutions. Dr. Shweta Shah, one of the best gynecologist doctors in Mumbai, will recommend the most effective treatment option according to your symptoms and the severity of the issue. Surgical techniques include laparoscopic cystectomy for endometrioma, laparoscopic adhesiolysis, and total laparoscopic hysterectomy.